Charles Gates Dawes Timeline

Notables return from abroad. Photo shows left to right, Owen D. Young, Gen. Charles G. Dawes and Henry M. Robinson, as they returned today aboard the leviathan, as they returned today from the reparations settlement in France and Germany. Bundesarchiv, Bild 102-00187A / CC-BY-SA

by Sigrid Pohl Perry

1635 William Dawes arrives in Massachusetts Bay Colony

1775 William Dawes rides from Boston to Concord to arouse the Colonists.

1865 August 27, Birth of Charles Gates Dawes to Civil War General Rufus R. and Mary Gates Dawes in Marietta, Ohio (Caro Blymyer born January 6, 1864? 1865?)

1881 Gen. Rufus R. Dawes elected to House of Representatives

1884 Charles Gates Dawes graduates from Marietta College

1886 Charles Gates Dawes  graduates from Cincinnati College Law School

1887 Dawes moves to Lincoln, Nebraska to practice law

1889 Charles Gates Dawes and Carol Blymyer marry

1890 December 14, Birth of Rufus Fearing Dawes.C.G. Dawes, R.C. Dawes and W.R. Dawes incorporate The Dawes Business Block Co. to handle real estate.

1892 July 12, Birth of Carolyn Dawes.

1895 Dawes purchases utility companies in LaCrosse, Wisconsin, and Evanston, Illinois; moves family to Evanston, first living on Chicago Ave., then in brother Henry’s property at 1228 Forest.

1896 Dawes manages finances for William McKinley presidential campaign in Illinois; after the election he is appointed Comptroller of the Currency, serving until 1901.

1901 September 5 – 13, Assassination, illness, death of Pres. McKinley with Dawes at his bedside.

1902 Dawes runs campaign for Illinois Senator and fails to beat the downstate political machine. May 2, signs articles of incorporation for Central Trust Bank Company of Illinois, initially a $5 million subscription bank.

1907 Dawes composes “Improvisation” for piano and violin.

1908 Incorporation of Dawes Brothers Inc. with brothers Henry, Rufus and Beman. December. Sets up a bread wagon under Malcolm MacDowell to feed the unemployed migrant workers in Chicago. Later, gets Medill McCormack of the Tribune to organize a larger operation. Continues to run own wagon secretly when need arises, in 1910-12.

1910 Dawes, Harold McCormick and J. C. Shaffer form the Chicago Grand Opera.

1911 Dawes, composes “Melody in A” for piano and violin. Violinist Fritz Kreisler later plays both pieces, making Dawes famous for his untutored musical talents.

1912 September 5, Rufus Fearing Dawes drowns in Lake Geneva. December, Charles and Caro adopt a son, Dana McCutcheon Dawes, born February 15, 1912 (?), named after friend John T. McCutcheon.

1914 January 2, Opening of Rufus Fearing Dawes Hotel for Men to house and feed the unemployed homeless, followed in 1916 by the opening of the Rufus F. Dawes Hotel for Men in Boston, and the Mary Gates Dawes Hotel for Women in Chicago in 1917. March. Adopt Virginia Dawes, born February 20, 1914.

1917 Dawes enlists in the Seventeenth Engineers Regiment to help build roads and bridges. Dawes writes new set of boat drill regulations on voyage across Atlantic; it is adopted by his old friend Gen. John J. Pershing, who also appoints Dawes General Purchasing Agent. Caro donates wool and organizes women’s group to knit sweaters for the troops; they outfit two complete regiments.

1918 April, Dawes has idea for Military Board of Allied Supply to coordinate efforts; Pershing appoints Dawes head of American operations.

1919 After Armistice, Dawes heads Liquidation Commission to sell U.S. surplus supplies in Europe.

1921 Dawes testifies before the House Committee on War Expenditures; his frustration with them breaks out in “Helen Maria,” captured in the press as “Hell and Maria”. March, Pres. Harding appoints Dawes to War Risk Board to recommend care of WWI veterans; Dawes prohibits all social functions, completes committee business in three days. June, Congress passes Budget Act and Pres. Harding appoints Dawes Director.

1923 April, Dawes forms the Minute Men of the Constitution to fight crime. Evanston company is the first to be established; within six weeks it has 6,000 members. Death of Pres. Warren G. Harding.

1924 President Coolidge appoints Dawes to the Reparations Commission Committee of Experts; they designate Dawes chairman.

1924 President Coolidge appoints Dawes to the Reparations Commission Committee of Experts; they designate Dawes chairman, April 9. The Dawes Plan is completed in Paris in June. Republican National Convention nominates Calvin Coolidge for President and Charles G.Dawes for Vice-President, November. Coolidge and Dawes win general election against John W. Davis and Charles P. Bryan.

1925 March 4, Inauguration. Dawes gives explosive inaugural address in the Senate on rules reform.

1926 December 10, Dawes receives the Nobel Peace Prize for 1925.

1929 March 3, Presentation of silver tray from Senators upon completion of term as Vice-President. Appointed by Pres. Hoover to chair Dominican Economic Commission to install efficient budget system there. April, Appointed by Pres. Hoover as Ambassador to the Court of St. James. Raised over $10 million worth of bonds in Chicago to support Century of Progress exhibition.

1930 Five Power Naval Conference on armament limitation in Geneva, December. Dawes resigns as Ambassador; appointed head of the Reconstruction Finance Corp.

1932 June, Dawes resigns from R.F.C. to restructure Central Republic Bank and Trust Company; receives $90 million loan from the R.F.C. backed by other banks in New York and Chicago to prevent liquidation. By the following year the Central Republic is liquidated; City National Bank and Trust Company is organized.

1942 Charles and Caro arrange to give (after their deaths) their home and shares of Commonwealth Edison stock to help maintain it to Northwestern University with stipulation that the Evanston Historical Society use it.

1945 August 27, Dawes celebrates 80th birthday. Special issue of Finance magazine commemorates the event with series of articles and interviews.

1951 February 21, R.F.C. loan and interest fully repaid. April 23, Charles Gates Dawes dies in his library at home after spending the morning at the City National Bank and Trust Co.

1957 Caro Blymyer Dawes dies.